Oriana Helena NEGULESCU, Elena DOVAL


Advances in information technology have led to the extensive use of the Internet of Things (IoT) in all activities. One of these activities is companies’ management with lots of associated fields. The companies are considering, among others, aspects regarding time management and ergonomic ones to facilitate obtaining high efficiency in normal working conditions. Nevertheless, in particular situations, such as working away from home, these aspects seem to be neglected. In this context, the paper focuses on the central issues regarding the ergonomic elements and time management when the work carries out at home. We address briefly essential aspects, highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the remote working at home and, we propose a structural framework that is considering specific rules of IoT, ergonomics and time management, as well.

Full Text:



Nick, G., How Many IoT Devices Are There? 2019. Retrieved from: (Access 23 March 2020).

Gallup survey, Gallup International Association regular opinion polls across the globe Retrieved from: /survey-results/ (Access 10 March 2020).

Todd, S., How Many People Work from Home? Research, 2019. Retrieved from: (Access 12 March 2020).

Maurer, R., Neglecting Ergonomics Safety for Teleworkers Can Be Costly, SHRM Online, 2012. Retrieved from: ergonomicssafetyforteleworkers.aspx (Access 12 March 2020).

Metha, B., Safety at home should include ergonomics, ISHN, 2020. Retrieved from: (Access 25 March 2020).

Crawford, B., Working from home? Here's how to avoid office injury in your homework space, 2020. Retrieved from: (Access 12 March 2020).

Subramanian, A., Farris Miller, B., Fernandez, J., Ergonomics Recommendations for Remote Work, 2020. Retrieved from: (Access 12 March 2020).

Beckmann, M., Working-time autonomy as a management practice, The IZA World of Labour project. Retrieved from: (Access 08 March 2020).

Lueth, K.L., State of the IoT 2018: Number of IoT devices now at 7B – Market accelerating, August 8, 2018. Retrieved from: state-of-the-iot-update-q1-q2-2018-number-of-iot-devices-now-7b/ (Access 23 March 2020).

Statista Research Department, Internet of Things (IoT) connected devices installed base worldwide from 2015 to 2025, 27, 2016. Retrieved from: (Access 23 March 2020).

International Ergonomics Association (IEA), What is ergonomics? Retrieved from: (Access 24 March 2020).

Toma, A., Souca, E., Safriuc, M. & Ciupan, C., Research and contribution regarding the ergonomic principles applied on human-machine interface design analyse, Acta Technical Napocensis, Series: Applied Mathematics, Mechanics, and Engineering, 54(2), 2011.

Jones, M.L., Human Factors and Environmental Access, Clinician's Guide to Assistive Technology, 41-53, 2002.

What is ergonomics, 2019, What_is_Ergonomics_.aspx. (Access 25 March 2020).

Middlesworth, M., 5 Proven Benefits of Ergonomics in the Workplace, Ergonomics in a rapidly changing world - selected papers from the IEA2018 Congress, Florence, Italy, 2018. Retrieved from: (Access 15 March 2020).

Workplace ergonomics. Retrieved from: (Access 15 March 2020).

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 2005. Retrieved from: SLTC/ ergonomics/ (Access 23 March 2020).

Dul, J., Neumann, P., The Strategic Business Value of Ergonomics, Meeting Diversity in Ergonomics, Editors: Pikaar, R., Koningsveld, E. & Settels, P., Academic Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 17-27, 2007.

Hackman, J.R., Oldham, G.R., Motivation Through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory, Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, 16, 1976.

Karasek, R.A., & Theorell, T., Healthy Work. Stress, Productivity and the Reconstruction of Working Life, Basic Books Inc., New York, 1990.

Cousins*, R., Mackay, C. J., Clarke, S. D., Kelly, C., Kelly, P. J., & McCaig, R. H., ‘Management standards’ work-related stress in the UK: Practical development. Work & Stress, 18(2), 113-136, 2004.

Warr, P., A conceptual framework for the study of work and mental health. Work & Stress, 8(2), 84-97, 1994.

Grote, G., & Guest, D., The case for reinvigorating quality of working life research. Human Relations, 70(2), 149-167, 2017.

Jones, W., Haslam, R. & Haslam, C., What is a ‘Good’ Job? Modelling Job Quality for Blue Collar Workers, Ergonomics, 60(1), 2017.

Daniels, K., Gedikli, C., Watson, D., Semkina, A., & Vaughn, O., Job design, employment practices and well-being: A systematic review of intervention studies. Ergonomics, 60(9), 1177-1196, 2017.

Oron-Gilad, T., & Hancock, P. A., From ergonomics to hedonomics: Trends in human factors and technology—The role of hedonomics revisited. In Emotions and Affect in Human Factors and Human-Computer Interaction (pp. 185-194). Academic Press, 2017.

Thatcher, A., Nayak, R., Waterson, P., Human factors and ergonomics systems-based tools for understanding and addressing global problems of the twenty-first century, Ergonomics, 63(3), 2020.

Sarbat, I., Tasan, S.O., A structural framework for sustainable processes in ergonomics, Ergonomics, 63(3), 346-366, 2020.

Filip, D., Covaciu, F., Sarb, A., Timoftei, S., Building a project team according to the time allocated and the number of relationships for the successful completion of a project, Acta Technical Napocensis, vol. 62(1), 2019.

Hall, B.L., Hursch, D.E., An evaluation of the effects of a time management training program on work efficiency, Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 3, 1982.

Bluedora, A. C., Denhardt, R. B., Time and organizations, Journal of Management, 14, 1988.

Jordan, R. S., & Bird, B. J., An exploratory study using the Future Time Perspective scale. In Mid-West Academy Meeting, Columbus, OH, 1989.

Rampton, J., Manipulate Time with These Powerful 20 Time Management Tips, Forbes, May 1, 2018. Retrieved from: (Access 18 March 2020).

Grant, A., Productivity Isn’t About Time Management. It’s About Attention Management, The New York Times, March 28, Publisher: H.J. Raymond & Co., New-York, 2019. Retrieved from: (Access 18 March 2020).

Dierdorff, E.C., Time Management Is About More Than Life Hacks, Harvard Business Review, January 29, Harvard Business Publishing, Boston, 2020.

Juneja, P., Time Management - Meaning and its Importance. Retrieved from: (Access 18 March 2020).

Parris, J., What’s Your Company’s Definition of Remote Work? 2015. Retrieved from: (Access 22 March 2020).

Santos, B., The advantages, and disadvantages of remote work, Hotmark, 2018. Retrieved from: (Access 08 March 2020).

Working from Home Statistics You Need to Know, Fundera, 2018. Retrieved from: (Access 08 March 2020).

Mazzitti & Sullivan EAP Resources, Disadvantages of Remote Work, 2018, Retrieved from: (Access 08 March 2020).

Go, R., 7 Disadvantages of Working from Home and How to Counter Them, 2018. Retrieved from: (Access 10 April 2020).

Weiler Reynolds, B., FlexJobs 2019 Annual Survey: Flexible Work Plays Big Role in Job Choices, August 13, 2019. Retrieved from: Flex jobs, (Access 10 April 2020).

Eisenhower's Urgent/Important. Principle. Using Time Effectively, Not Just Efficiently. Retrieved from: (Access 10 April 2020).

Rogers, R.D., Monsell, S., Costs of a Predictable Switch Between Simple Cognitive Tasks, Journal of Experimental Psychology General, 124 (2), Publisher American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, June 1995.

Rubinstein, J.S., Meyer, D.E., Evens, J.E., Executive control of cognitive process in task switching, Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, vol. 27, no. 4, Publisher American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, 2001.

MacKey, J., The Myth of Multitasking: The ultimate guide to getting more done by doing less, January 17, 2019. Retrieved from: (Access 12 April 2020).

Cherry, K. & Morin, A., How Multitasking Affects Productivity and Brain Health, 2020, (Access 12 April 2020).

European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA), Baseline Security Recommendations for IoT in the context of Critical Information Infrastructures, 2017. Retrieved from: (Access 12 April 2020).

Cirjaliu, B., & Draghici, A. Ergonomic issues in lean manufacturing. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 221, 105-110, 2016.

Neag, P. N., et al. Ergonomic intervention combined with an occupational and organizational psychology and sociology perspectives in production systems. MATEC Web of Conferences. Vol. 305. EDP Sciences, 2020.

Riel, A., Draghici, A., Draghici, G., Grajewski, D., & Messnarz, R., Process and product innovation needs integrated engineering collaboration skills. Journal of Software: Evolution and Process, 24(5), 551-560 (2012).


  • There are currently no refbacks.