The use of system analysis techniques and the maintenance optimization becomes a necessity for increasing the equipment availability by reducing the frequency of failures. In this context, our research proposes a preventive maintenance plan to improve the reliability of a drinking water pumping station, located in the Dam of Beni-Haroun (Eastern Algeria). The objective of our study is to increase the reliability of the pumping system and consequently, to ensure a continuous production of drinking water distributed to six cities of Eastern Algeria, as well as to their bordering regions. For this purpose, a set of analyses techniques, including Structured Analysis and Design Technique (SADT), Failure Mode, Effect and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) and Pareto analysis, is used to identify the critical types of failure. The research results consist in the elaboration of some recommendations for the improvement of the reliability of the analyzed system.

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