NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE THERMO MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF THE AUTOMOTIVE BRAKE DISC IN DRY SLIDING CONTACT WITH THE PADS
During braking and when the disk brought into contact with the brake pads which represent the friction body, mechanical stresses are imposed at the contact zone. All physical parameters (temperature, pressure speed and mechanical characteristics, and tribological conditions change over time), heat from friction generated at the interface, and temperature may exceed the critical value. All these problems that allowed us to do this study which concerns the numerical simulation by finite elements of a mechanical torque in dry sliding contact with motor vehicle disk/brake pads at the moment of stop braking using the ANSYS calculation code 14.5 which is based on the finite element method with its friction contact management algorithms. This behavior was analyzed in the transient case in terms of equivalent stresses and deformations (Von Mises) as a function of the braking conditions ( the type of loading, the speed of rotation of a disk, the pressure force applied to the brake pads, the coefficient of friction between the disk and the pads), and the thermal conditions (the temperature of the disk, and the heat flux in the disk, and the heat exchange by convection over the entire surface of the disk), the geometrical characteristics of the disk pads assembly and the position of the pads with respect to the brake disk and the mechanical parameters assembly and the position of the pads with respect to the brake disk and the mechanical parameters ( Young’s modulus, density, Poisson coefficient). This analysis allows us to see the behavior of the disk and the pads in contact and to recognize these damages in order to find the optimal technological solutions that will meet the needs of the engineer responsible for the design of the braking system, in particular the disk-pads torque, and to improve this system and make it more reliable and for an optimal and economical choice of the disk and pads well resist heat.
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