Ioan Alexandru POPAN, Cosmin COSMA, Alina Ioana POPAN, Adrian TRIF, Nicolae Alin PANC


The paper presents the piercing simulation of a composite material (CFRP), using abrasive water jet (AWJ). AWJ cutting process is a well-known technique applied for trimming the outer contour of CFRP parts with complex shapes. The challenge of CFRP processing is to machine geometries, such as internal shapes, holes, or slots, where the material needs to be pierced with AWJ. In this case, the AWJ strikes the composite material with a very high energy, introducing delamination on the material. To analysis the AWJ piercing, a theoretical simulation was carried out using Finite Element Analysis (FEA). The purpose of this dynamic analyzes performed is to study the stresses and deformations that appears in the material during the process.

Full Text:



M. Aamir, M. Tolouei-Rad, K. Giasin, and A. Nosrati, ‘Recent advances in drilling of carbon fiber–reinforced polymers for aerospace applications: a review’, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., vol. 105, no. 5–6, pp. 2289–2308, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1007/s00170-019-04348-z.

I. A. Popan, N. Balc, and A. I. Popan, ‘Avoiding carbon fibre reinforced polymer delamination during abrasive water jet piercing: a new piercing method’, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., vol. 119, no. 1–2, pp. 1139–1152, Mar. 2022, doi: 10.1007/s00170-021-08294-7.

S. Vigneshwaran, M. Uthayakumar, and V. Arumugaprabu, ‘Abrasive water jet machining of fiber-reinforced composite materials’, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 230–237, Feb. 2018, doi: 10.1177/0731684417740771.

G. Kim, B. R. Denos, and R. Sterkenburg, ‘Influence of different piercing methods of abrasive waterjet on delamination of fiber reinforced composite laminate’, Compos. Struct., vol. 240, p. 112065, May 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.112065.

K. Thongkaew, J. Wang, and W. Li, ‘An investigation of the hole machining processes on woven carbon-fiber reinforced polymers (CFRPs) using abrasive waterjets’, Mach. Sci. Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 19–38, Jan. 2019, doi: 10.1080/10910344.2018.1449217.

M. S. Alsoufi, ‘State-of-the-Art in Abrasive Water Jet Cutting Technology and the Promise for Micro- and Nano-Machining’, Int. J. Mech. Eng. Appl., vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1, 2017, doi: 10.11648/j.ijmea.20170501.11.

F. Clavier et al., ‘Experimental analysis of the impact of an artificially generated tool wear pattern on the residual stress induced by 15-5PH steel turning’, Procedia CIRP, vol. 108, pp. 394–399, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.procir.2022.04.075.


  • There are currently no refbacks.