NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENERGY
Abstract: Renewable energy resources or the energy income, comprises those resources which are being
continuously renewed by the presence of tidal forces, wind, falling water, thermal gradients in the ocean,
geothermal heat, direct solar input, the generation of vegetable and animal matter and so on. Energy capital or
non-renewable energy resources, refers primarily to fossil fuels, which were deposited in earth's crust hundreds
of millions of years ago or to radioactive minerals, which were present when the planet was formed. When such
materials are mined, the quantity of energy capital is reduced. Actually, the fossil fuels are being replaced in
nature, but at a rate which is so slow on a time scale of human development, as to be insignificant.
Key words: resources, energy, renewable
Issues in Environmental Science and
Technology, No. 19 Sustainability and
Environmental Impact of Renewable
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