Mariana ARGHIR, Adrian Ilie Virgil LEU


The rolling mechanism is a part of the auto tire, which are the authors conducted over the several years. The underlying idea in most of the  programs was to replicate real-life conditions in order to better  understand tire behaviour while using the advantage of quasi-controlled conditions. This paper is made because the number of vehicle in use is increasing every year and more vehicles are consuming more fuel. Vehicle manufacturers are making great efforts to develop fuel efficient engines and vehicle designs. In United States, light-duty vehicles (cars & light trucks) are responsible for about 20% of the nitrogen oxides,
27% of the volatile organic compounds, 51% of the carbon monoxide, and roughly 30% of all the carbon dioxide (the main greenhouse gas) emitted from human activities. When a tire rolls on the road, mechanical
energy is converted to heat as a result of the phenomenon referred to as rolling resistance. Effectively, the tire consumes a portion of the power transmitted to the wheels, thus leaving less energy available for
moving the vehicle forward. Rolling resistance therefore plays an  important part in increasing vehicle fuel consumption.

Full Text:



Bogdan L, Albrechcinski TM. Characterisation of Tire Partiulates. Buffalo, NY: Arvin Calspan; 1981.

Clark SK, DodgeRN. A Handbook of Rolling Resistance of Pneumatic Tires. Ann Arbor: Institute of Science and Technology, The University of Michigan; 1979.

Committee for the National Tire Efficiency Study NRC. Tires and Passenger Vehicle Fuel Economy: Informing Consumers, Improving Performance -- Special Report 286. The National Academies Press; 2006.

Cossalter V. Motorcycle Dynamics. Greendale: Race Dynamic Publishing; 2002.

Dugoff H, Fancher PS, Segel L. An analysis oftire traction properties and their influence on vehicle dynamic performance. SAE 700377; 1983.

General Motors Corporation. Comments on Tire Rolling Resistance to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Protection Agency; 1978.

Genta G. Motor Vehicle Dynamics, Modeling and Simulation. Singapore: World Scientific; 2007.

Janosi ZJ, Kamm IO, Wray G. Tire turning forces under on- and off-road conditions. Calgary: Conf. I.S.T.V.S; 1981.

Jazar RN. Vehicle Dynamics. Theory and Applications. Riverdale, NY: Springer Science + Business Media; 2008.

Noor AK, Tanner JA. Advances and trends in the development of computational models for tires. Computers & Structures; 1985.

Vollebregt DiEAH. User guide for CONTACT, Vollebregt & Kalker’s rolling and sliding contact model. VORtech Computing; 2012.


  • There are currently no refbacks.