A ROBOTIC HELPING HAND TO THE DETECTION OF SMALL COLORECTAL TUMOURS IN LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY
The present paper proposes a systemic approach for developing medical robot-assisted systems: robotic small tumour(s) detection system used in colorectal laparoscopic surgery. This approach was proposed to guide the design process of robotic systems in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The proposed design framework guides the engineers towards an equilibrium between surgical and clinical constrains, technical and technological possibilities in medical robotic development. A concept was developed based on the proposed framework. The developed concept was an Assisted Robotic Tumour Detection and Excision System (ARTES) - that is supposed to be capable to identify precisely the location of small colorectal tumours from a distance of at least 20 mm when biological tissues are interposed and assist the surgeon within the surgery. The ARTES system consist of three main components: 1) collaborative robotic system (that guide the sensing laparoscopic instrument through the colorectal area to identify the tumour labels – practically the tumour(s) location(s)); 2) laparoscopic sensing instrument (for scanning the colon or rectum area to identify the labelled tumours); 3) tumour(s) tags –intelligent labels with which the tumour(s) will be marked.
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